Competitive Examination

GATE Exam Guide – Everything You Need To Know

gate exam guide

Engineering is said to be one of the toughest as well as best professional education programs in the world. Since it is related to applied science and technology, it has been considered as an ideal career choice.

In spite of acquiring the prestigious degree of engineering, today the students in India feel it tough to get jobs at once after completing their educations.

In a survey it was revealed that only 7% of the total engineers get their satisfactory jobs, however, others have to either pursue higher education for better opportunities or apply for government related services or remain underemployed.

Undeterred by all these hurdles, in present days the engineers are getting various opportunities besides regular specialized work and the GATE examination is one of them.

GATE is such an option for those engineers who want to accelerate their career in the path of success; nevertheless, it is not a nondescript course, it is the most approved choice of engineers existing at the present time.

If you are an engineer who is keenly interested in cracking this examination, you are on correct site. We have shared our foremost information that will definitely help you clear this examination. Keep reading till the edge of this online journal.

What is GATE Exam?

The GATE stands for Graduate aptitude test in Engineering. The examination is aimed at testing the comprehensive understanding and knowledge of a candidate who has graduated in an engineering and science program.

It is an all India level examination, which has been conducted by the topmost university of India i.e. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) collectively with seven other colleges of Indian Institute of Technology (IITs).


The score of GATE is chiefly used for the admission procedure of candidates to post-graduate like ME, M-Tech, MS, Ph.D. in distinguished colleges/universities across the nation.

For those candidates who want to add to their engineering, GATE has been proven to be the best option. As nowadays, besides post-graduation, many government-aided organizations and PSUs like BARC, HPCL, NTPC, Power Grid, BHEL, IOCL, NHPC, etc. are offering lucrative job opportunities only by seeing the GATE score.

The score is valid for three years; a candidate has much time to plan his/her career. GATE score remains a plus point to a candidate during any interview whether it is in private sector or government.

Owing to its bright career path, the examination has become one of the most competitive. Leverage like prestige of working in government department, pursuing research program, etc. has drawn attention of numerous of candidates toward this examination from not only in India but also from the world.

Eligibility Criteria for taking the GATE Exam

For taking GATE examination one must ensure that he/she has acquired the qualifications mentioned below:

  • Candidates should have passed BE/B-Tech (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) or equivalent from AICTE or other recognized University.
  • Those candidates who have cleared post-graduation in Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications can also apply for the examination.
  • Candidates who are in the final year of graduation/post-graduation can also apply for the examination.

An Important fact needs to be considered is that there is no age bar for this test. Person of any age acquiring the above educational qualification can apply.

The forms for the GATE are available between the month of June and July every year.

GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus

The GATE exam is a multiple choice question system, where a question has four options and only one of them is correct. Candidates can either anyone or leave it. In the Numerical Type questions, a numerical value as the answer should be entered using a mouse and a virtual keyboard on the monitor.

The number of questions in the GATE in each section changes every year, however, the basic pattern doesn’t change, it remains similar every year. It is a computer based examination in which the questions are displayed randomly. The paper consists of sixty-five questions which are of a total of 100 marks. The candidates have to attempt the examination within 3 hours.

Commonly the paper comprises:

  • General aptitude section which tests the verbal and numerical ability and it may hold 15 marks
  • Engineering mathematics topic can be of 10 to 14 marks.
  • Rest of the 72 to 75 marks is designated to the technical subjects studied in the B-Tech level.

Besides, there is a negative marking of 33% marks in each question. Therefore, it is recommended to mark your answer deliberately, and not do any guess work.


In the technical section, there are 23 papers that are listed in the GATE examination, though; the candidates have to choose only one of them which is relevant to their engineering program. And the examination will comprise of only that one paper apart from other aptitude tests.

List of all the papers is:

  • Aerospace Engineering AE
  • Agricultural Engineering AG
  • Architecture and Planning AR
  • Biotechnology BT
  • Civil Engineering CE
  • Chemical Engineering CH
  • Computer Science and Information Technology CS
  • Chemistry CY
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering EC
  • Electrical Engineering EE
  • Engineering Sciences XE
  • Petroleum Engineering PE
  • Geology and Geophysics GG
  • Instrumentation Engineering IN
  • Life Sciences XL
  • Mathematics MA
  • Mechanical Engineering ME
  • Mining Engineering MN
  • Metallurgical Engineering MT
  • Physics PH
  • Production and industrial engineering PI
  • Textile Engineering & Fiber Science TF
  • Ecology and Evolution EY

If you want to check out detailed syllabi, we recommend clicking this link: click here this is the official syllabi from IISc.

The aim of this examination is to test the following abilities in a candidate:

  • Recall
  • Comprehension
  • Application
  • Analysis and synthesis
  • Common data questions
  • Linked answer questions

How to prepare for GATE examination?

If you intend to crack this examination, the knowledge of your bachelor degree will be enough for securing good marks. However, if you have any hesitations or doubts, you may join any reputed institute for the same.

Some tips for preparation:

  • To achieve good results, we recommend you to do at least one practice papers daily on the regular basis.
  • Do take mock tests weekly or daily as you like with limiting the clock as per real examination.
  • Give each section of the exam equal importance. Make daily timetable so that you will not miss any of them.
  • As there is negative marks don’t ever make habit of guess work even in the mock tests.
  • Solve as many questions as you can before the exam and stick to the basic and conceptual knowledge.

Books we recommend:

Although it is recommended by us that the books studied during the bachelor program of Engineering are sufficient to crack the GATE examination, there are some books which have benefitted a lot to many candidates in the preparation.

We have shared a few of them; you can look into it by clicking the links below:

Link 1, Link 2

Other Important Links:

We believe the above content will surely help you in preparing for the examination. If you have any quarries/suggestion/corrections/or any other information, type in at the comment box below.

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The team of FreshersTimes Wishes you Best of Luck.


Disclaimer: the examination data/results/imprints distributed on this site is just for the prompt data to the examinees and does not to be a constitute to be an authoritative record. While endeavors have been made to make the data accessible on this site as credible as it could be. We are not in charge of any accidental mistake that may have published in the information we have distributed on this site. We regret any misfortune to anyone or anything created by any shortcoming, inaccuracy or mistake of the data on this site.

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