NASA is an acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is an independent agency of the United States. It is responsible for space research and civil space program of the country.
The agency was conceived in the year 1958 as a dream of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Its main aim was to use space science for peaceful applications. In its history of 58 years, NASA has launched many missions including the famous Voyager (I & II) and NASA has one of the largest budget of any Space Agency in the world. This year alone it got to spend a whopping US $19.3 billion.
NASA was the agency that took moon mission as a challenge in the 1960s. It took the job really seriously and prove to the world that when a country decide to do something, everything falls into place.
Other NASA Projects
Besides doing space missions, NASA is also known for doing commercial missions. It has even developed many technologies that are now helping humans on earth.
Notable observatories launched by NASA like the Hubble Space Telescope and the WMAP Satellite have uncovered many mysteries of the universe.
The US Space agency is also planning to put humans on mars in the coming decades (possible in the 2030s). It doing a number of experiments in orbit and on earth to find the solutions to problems that a human would face on Mars.
Working At NASA
It is not easy to get a job at NASA, not until you live in USA and have a really amazing CV. NASA only picks the best. They do recruit from around the world but only rarely.
To be an astronomer, you would need a lot of degrees and a great health. For just going to the ISS (International Space Station), a person goes trough a training of 5 years at NASA.