Before taking up the topic of Caste certificate, let us know what the caste system in India is. If you are not living in a stone, you must have heard of reservation and caste system that has been prevailing in our country.
Why India Bears A Caste system?
From time immemorial the society of India has been divided into different sections of castes, which were basically assigned to some groups of people according to their work or occupation. After the passage of time this system became part and parcel of a person, a person could change his/her religion, however, but not his/her caste. This resulted in the unconditional and absolute fragmentation of society of the nation. Some groups were treated to be untouchable and of lower status.
Undeniably, this system of rigid social groups still persists today and is known as casteism.
To do away with these evils of the society, India has certainly put an end to every form of discrimination on the ground of religion, race, creed, color, etc. and a reservation was one of those steps.
What Is A Caste Certificate?
A caste certificate is an authentication of a person, which defines the group which he belongs. It is an aid to the well-planned mechanism (reservation system) that allows diverse backward sections people to come up the social ladder so that real equality can be maintained in the society.
Benefits Of Possessing A Caste Certificate
The benefits of caste certificate are too numerous to be counted, however, we have shared a few advantages of possessing a certificate. It mainly helps those who belong to Scheduled Castes/Tribes or Other Backward Classes.
Some of the assets of having your caste certificates and how you can use it properly are as follow:
- Scholarships: If you belong to any of the reserved groups i.e. SC, ST or OBC and your family per annum income is below Rs. 1 Lakh, the caste certificate will certainly help you in taking admissions in schools, college, etc. and you will get fee concession of the same considering the fact that you have all the eligibility of the studies.
- Government Jobs: around 15% and 7.5% seats in any government services are reserved for SC and ST categories respectively, and the OBC category enjoys the reservation of 27% seats, Hence it makes them easier to crack these examinations and get a prestigious job in Not only Government of India department but also Banks, PSUs, etc.
- Higher Education Competitive Examinations: Apart from scholarships the reserve category savors the reserved seats in big reputed institutions of Government of India like IIT, AIIMS, and other engineering colleges.
- Government Subsidies: the government of India grants many subsidies to the people who are below poverty line and the caste certificate assists people to acquire these benefits from the government easily.
- Government Schemes: plans like housing allocation for the poor, startup India, etc. which directly help the backward society, can be availed by retaining the caste certificates.
Who can apply for the cast certificate?
All those categories of people who have been living in the lower part of Indian society can apply for these certificates. They are those who are socially disadvantaged local people of India. In common words, they are referred by the name Dalits. Another section of deprived people is known by the acronym OBCs (Other backward classes) which came into view after the Mandal commission 1990, by then Prime Minister V.P. Singh.
There is around 16 and 8 percent of people in India belong to Scheduled caste and scheduled tribe respectively, whereas, OBCs contribute 41% of the total population of India.
India has a diverse population of Scheduled castes/tribes and OBCs, the government of India has set out a clear list of caste that can avail of this system of caste certificates. However, the states of India too have their own lists of these backward castes eligibility lists. We have shared the link to the national list of these underprivileged people below:
Procedure To Apply for A Caste Certificate?
This is the most important question i.e. the process by which an eligible person can apply for the caste certificate. In this section, we will try to make the process of possessing a certificate easier to understand.
First of all, you have to establish the fact that you belong to any of the backward classes (SC/ST/OBC) and for this, you must have the sufficient documents to prove it.
Some important documents that can be needed while applying the certificates are:
- You need to download an application form of your respective caste whether it is SC/ST or OBC from the official website of your state, or you can fill it offline from an office of the SDM (Sub-Divisional Magistrate) or of the Tehsil or Revenue Department or municipal office and submit it at the same place.
- A document which will certify your identity for e.g. Driving License/AADHAR/voter id/Passport, etc.
- A document which will certify your residential address for e.g. Voter id/Electricity bill/water bill/telephone bill/etc.
- An affidavit worth Rs. 10/-
- Age certificate.
- Income Certificate.
- Any old caste certificate of parents if available.
Once you have completely filled all the columns of the form and gathered all the necessary documents, you will have to submit it either online or offline at the SDM/Tehsil office/Revenue Department/municipal office and MRO in the case of OBC certificate.
The revenue officers will verify your details during the procedure; you have to be very cooperative with them.
As knowledge is the power we hope after reading it, it would be helpful to you at the time of application and if it were, do share your experience with us in the comment box below. You can also ask your quarries there.
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